Cesar Domela (15 January 1900 – 30 December 1992) was a Dutch sculptor, painter, photographer, and typographer, and a key member of the De Stijl movement. He was born Cesar Domela Nieuwenhuis in Amsterdam. His father, Ferdinand Domela Nieuwenhuis, was a former Lutheran pastor and influential anarcho-socialist member of the Dutch parliament. A self-taught artist, he lived from 1919 to 1923 in Ascona, Switzerland, developing his constructivist style, influenced heavily by cubism. Lacking a formal, artistic background, Domela’s early art consisted of painted landscapes and still life where figures were reduced to geometric forms. He relocated to Berlin in 1923, where he became friendly with members of the influential November Group. That same year, he painted his first painting without a subject, a composition of vertical and horizontal lines and planes. His first solo exhibition was held in 1924, at the Galeria d’Audretsch. In 1925, he became the youngest member of De Stijl, working closely with the famed Theo van Doesburg and Piet Mondrian. His work in this period often straddled several mediums. He concentrated on three-dimensional reliefs, often incorporating pieces of Plexiglas and metal as well as photomontages and cutouts from advertisements. Though he opened a silkscreen process studio for printmaking in 1934, relief was still his favorite medium and he developed the medium to a high art form. In 1936, he took part in an exhibition of Cubism and Abstract Art in the Museum of Modern Art in New York City. Domela also experimented with typography and was commissioned to produce advertisements in Germany. When Hitler came into power in 1933, Domela fled Berlin and resettled in Paris, where he remained until his death in 1992. He was also forced to destroy a large part of his library, as it contained numerous books written by ‘anarchists’, many of which he had designed the books for. In 1947 director Alain Resnais produced a film about Cesar Domela, Visite a Cesar Domela (fr). After Domela died, his vast archive of personal belongings and works was willed to the Netherlands Institute for Art History. In 2009, his two daughters Anne Dutter Domela and Lie Tugaye Domela donated a selection of nine of their father’s works to the Strasbourg Museum of Modern and Contemporary Art, and a room inside the museum is now dedicated to the painter.
塞薩爾．多梅拉（1900年1月十二月15日至30日，1992）是荷蘭雕塑家，畫家，攝影師，印刷商和風格派運動的重要成員。 他在阿姆斯特丹出生塞薩爾多梅拉尼烏文赫伊斯。他的父親，費迪南德多梅拉尼烏文赫伊斯，是前路德牧師和荷蘭議會的影響力無政府社會主義的成員。一個自學成才的藝術家，他1919年住到1923年在阿斯科納，瑞士，發展自己建構的風格，立體主義嚴重影響。由於缺乏一個正式的，藝術背景，多梅拉的早期藝術包括畫風景和靜物，其中的數字減少到幾何形式。 他搬遷到柏林，1923年，在那裡他成為具有世界影響力十一月小組成員友好。同年，他畫了他的第一張畫無主體的縱向和橫向線，面組成。他的首次個展於1924年舉辦，在畫廊D’Audretsch。 1925年，他成為德風格派最年輕的成員，與著名的西奧·杜斯堡和蒙德里安密切合作。他在這一段時間的工作往往跨越多個介質。他集中在三維浮雕，經常摻入的有機玻璃片，金屬以及合成照片和切口從廣告。雖然他在1934年打開一個版畫工藝絲網印刷工作室，救援仍然是他最喜歡的中，他開發了中到高的藝術形式。 1936年，他在現代藝術在紐約市博物館的展覽立體主義和抽象藝術的一部分。 多梅拉也嘗試排版和被委託生產在德國的廣告。當1933年希特勒上台，多梅拉逃離柏林和巴黎，在那裡他於1992年，直到他去世，他也被迫摧毀他的圖書館的很大一部分，因為它包含由“無政府主義者”撰寫了大量書籍，許多安置這是他所設計的書籍。 1947年導演亞倫雷奈產生了約塞薩爾多梅拉，介紹瀏覽一個塞薩爾多梅拉（FR）。 多梅拉去世後，他豐富的個人物品和作品的歸檔是意志荷蘭學院為藝術史。 2009年，他的兩個女兒安妮Dutter多梅拉和謊言Tugaye多梅拉捐贈精選他們父親的作品斯特拉斯堡的現代和當代藝術博物館，以及一間館內九個現在專門的畫家。
Tuen Tony Kwok
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